[Q 133] Judging Faith Based on Apparent State

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Is it permissible to have husn e zan on kafirs that they may have died on imaan?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الجواب بعون الملك الوهاب اللهم هداية الحق والصواب


Regarding kufr (disbelief) and imaan (faith), we are obliged to consider the apparent state of every person.

Therefore, a person who is a Muslim will be considered a Muslim unless proven otherwise. Similarly, if someone, despite being called a Muslim, denies essential elements of the religion or commits any act of kufr, we will consider him a non-Muslim until his repentance is proven. If he does not repent or his repentance is not known to us, we must act according to the apparent, i.e., consider him a non-Muslim. No Muslim act can be performed in his funeral rites.

Answered by: Arif Raza Madani (Ask Mufti Scholar)

Verified by: Mufti Sajid Attari

Translated by: Arslan Attari

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